Keeping your fertility intact requires understanding the role of seminal vesicles. Here are defects of seminal vesicles and their impact on male fertility.
Men deal with several issues that can cause them to be infertile.
One of those is defects of seminal vesicles. What are seminal vesicles, and how do they impact infertility? Keep reading our guide to find out.
What Is a Seminal Vesicle?
When it comes to seminal vesicles and fertility, they play a huge role in the success of sperm. Located near the male pelvis, seminal vesicles are glands that secrete fluids that help form semen.
The fluids contain potassium, phosphorous, fructose, prostaglandins, coagulating proteins, and alkaline fluids. These components give sperm energy and protect its mobility, along with other functions.
When there are defects of seminal vesicles, the fluid cannot do its job, which impacts how well the sperm operates.
How to Know if There Are Defects of the Seminal Vesicles
There are several signs of defects of the seminal vesicles, including the following:
- Intense pain in the pelvis or abdominals
- Pain during urination
- Pain during ejaculation
- Blood in ejaculation or urine
If you are experiencing any of these issues, consult your doctor. If you are trying to have a baby, you should especially question how these issues are impacting your fertility.
Types of Defects of the Seminal Vesicles
There is more than one type of seminal vesicle defect, and each of them can impact your fertility. Let's look at the different types.
1. Cysts on Your Seminal Vesicles
You may not know you have cysts on your seminal vesicles unless your doctor orders imaging to look for them. Most of the time, minor cysts don't come with obvious symptoms.
However, symptomatic cysts can present themselves through pain, urinary tract infections, and infertility.
2. Stones and Calcification
Inflammation can lead to stones forming in your seminal vesicles. Infections, hyperthyroidism, and other issues can cause calcifications. Both issues can clog the ejaculatory duct and impact fertility.
3. Congenital Agenesis of Seminal Vesicle
This is an extremely rare defect that occurs when a seminal vesicle is absent or fails to develop. It can occur bilaterally or unilaterally. Agenesis may cause abnormalities in the semen, including azoospermia, which is when the ejaculation has no sperm count.
4. Mega Seminal Vesicle
This is another rare condition that occurs when the seminal vesicles don't contract properly. It can block the ejaculation duct.
Treatment For Male Infertility
If you suspect you have any of these defects of the seminal vesicles, consult your doctor. There are several treatment options depending on which condition you have, and your doctor can help you get to the bottom of it.
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