The Defects of Seminal Vesicles and Their Impact on Male Fertility

The Defects of Seminal Vesicles and Their Impact on Male Fertility

One aspect of male reproduction is the role of seminal vesicles. Some conditions that affect can impact male fertility.

What are seminal vesicles, and how do they impact fertility? Read on to find out.

What Is a Seminal Vesicle?

Seminal vesicles are small glands in that secrete fluids to help form semen. The fluids contain nutrients like potassium, phosphorous, fructose, and proteins to give sperm energy and support its motility.

A problem with the seminal vesicles may result in decreased fluid or abnormal fluid components, which impacts how well the sperm functions.

Signs and Symptoms of Seminal Vesicle Disorders

There are several signs and symptoms of seminal vesicle disorders, including:

  • Pain in the pelvis or groin
  • Pain during urination
  • Burning during ejaculation
  • Blood in the ejaculate or the urine

Disorders of the Seminal Vesicles

Many different conditions can impact the seminal vesicles, including:

1. Cysts

Cysts, or small cavities filled with air or fluid, can sometimes form in the seminal vesicles. Some people are also born with very large cysts called seminal megavesicles. Most of the time, minor cysts don't cause obvious symptoms. However, they may present with blood in the urine, urinary tract infections, and decreased sperm counts leading to infertility.

2. Stones

Stones may form in the seminal vesicles for many reasons, including infections, hyperthyroidism, and medication use. Stones can clog the ejaculatory duct and impact fertility.

3. Absence of Seminal Vesicles

Some people are born with a condition called congenital agenesis of the seminal vesicle, meaning there are no seminal vesicles present. This is a rare condition, but it may cause abnormalities in the semen like azoospermia, (absence of sperm in the ejaculate).

4. Infection of Seminal Vesicles

The seminal vesicles may be infected with bacteria or viruses, causing conditions like vesiculitis (inflammation of the seminal vesicles) or abscess (a collection of pus in the seminal vesicle). This may lead to damage of the vesicles and decreased seminal fluid production.

5. Abnormal Seminal Vesicle Function

Some underlying conditions, such as diabetes, may affect the function of the seminal vesicles, causing them to secrete less fluid. Sometimes treating the underlying diabetes may improve the function of the seminal vesicles.

6. Tumors of Seminal Vesicles

Tumors can form in the seminal vesicles, damaging their structure and decreasing seminal fluid production.

Treatment For Male Infertility

If you suspect you have any of these defects of the seminal vesicles, consult your doctor. There are several treatment options depending on which condition you have, and your doctor can help you get to the bottom of it.