What is a Reproductive Endocrinologist?

A reproductive endocrinologist helps people with issues surrounding infertility. Read on to find out more.

Infertility is a common issue for many people. Studies found that that 9% of men and 11% of women in the United States have experienced fertility problems. After one year of unprotected sex, between 12% and 15% of couples in the US are unable to conceive.

A reproductive endocrinologist is a specialist that works with people who experience fertility problems. They perform diagnostic tests to determine the cause of the infertility and provide  treatment options like in vitro fertilization and intrauterine insemination.

What Is a Reproductive Endocrinologist?

The field of reproductive endocrinology is a specialty within Obstetrics and Gynecology. To qualify as a reproductive endocrinologist, a person must complete medical school, a four-year residency in Obstetrics and Gynecology, and sub-specialty training.

Reproductive endocrinologists diagnose and treat hormone conditions that are related to reproduction. They use a variety of methods like medicine and surgery.

Some of the tests a reproductive endocrinologist may perform include:

  • Semen analysis
  • Thyroid function tests
  • Ovarian reserve test
  • Ultrasound of ovaries, uterus, and fallopian tubes
  • Hysterosalpingogram (x-rays of the uterus and fallopian tubes using dye)

Reproductive endocrinologists also use assisted reproductive technology (ART) to assist with conception. Common types of ART include:

  • In vitro fertilization
  • Intracytoplasmic sperm injection
  • Intrauterine insemination